*BATTING*

**AB: **At-bats

The number of times a player bats, excluding walks, hit-by-pitches, sacrifices, errors, fielder’s choices, and catcher’s interferences.

**AVG: **Batting Average

The ratio of a player’s hits to their at-bats.

**BABIP: **Batting Average on Balls in Play

The batting average for balls hit into play, excluding home runs.

**BB: **Walks

The number of times a player is awarded first base after receiving four balls outside the strike zone.

**BB%: **Walk Rate

The percentage of a player’s plate appearances that result in a walk.

**BB/K: **Walk to Strikeout Ratio

A comparison of how often a player walks versus how often they strike out.

**CS: **Caught Stealing

The number of times a player is tagged out while attempting to steal a base.

**2B: **Doubles

The number of hits where a player safely reaches second base without an error or fielder’s choice.

**GDP: **Grounded into Double Plays

The number of times a player hits a ground ball that results in two outs.

**G: **Games Played

The number of games in which a player appears.

**HP: **Hit By Pitches

The number of times a player reaches first base after being hit by a pitched ball.

**HR:** Home Runs

The number of hits where a player safely reaches home plate without an error or fielder’s choice.

**IBB: **Intentional WalksThe number of times a player is intentionally awarded first base by the opposing team.

**ISO: **Isolated Power

A measure of a hitter’s raw power, calculated as SLG – AVG.

**K%: **Strikeout Rate

The percentage of a player’s plate appearances that end in a strikeout.

**OBP: **On Base Percentage

The percentage of plate appearances in which a player reaches base.

**OPS: **On Base plus Slugging

The sum of a player’s on-base percentage and slugging percentage.

**OPS+: **On Base plus Slugging Plus

A normalized version of OPS that adjusts for park factors, with 100 always being the league average. Higher values are better.

**PA: **Plate Appearances

The total number of times a player comes to bat.

**Qualifier:** Qualified Hitter

A player is qualified for titles with 3.1 PA per team game played (NPB) or 2.7 PA per team game played (Farm).

**R: **Runs

The number of times a player crosses home plate to score.

**RBI: **Runs Batted In

The number of runs a player drives in with their at-bats, except when grounding into a double play or reaching on an error.

**SB: **Stolen Bases

The number of times a player successfully steals a base.

**SF: **Sacrifice Flies

A fly ball that results in a run being scored, but the batter is out.

**SH: **Sacrifice Hits

A bunt that allows a runner to advance to the next base, but the batter is out.

**SLG: **Slugging Percentage

The total number of bases a player records per at-bat.

**SO: **Strikeouts

The number of times a player is put out on three strikes.

**TB: **Total Bases

The total number of bases a player records from hits.

**3B: **Triples

The number of hits where a player safely reaches third base without an error or fielder’s choice.

**TTO%: **Three True Outcomes Rate

The percentage of a player’s plate appearances that result in one of the three true outcomes: a home run, a strikeout, or a walk.

*PITCHING*

**BB: **Walks

The number of times a pitcher allows a batter to reach first base by throwing four balls.

**BB%:** Walk Rate

The percentage of batters faced by a pitcher that result in walks.

**BF:** Batters Faced

The total number of hitters a pitcher faces.

**CG: **Complete Games

The number of games where a pitcher pitches the entire game.**Diff: **ERA-FIP Differential

The differential of a pitcher’s ERA and FIP. Higher values indicate underperformance and lower values indicate overperformance relative to expectations.

**ERA+:** Earned Run Average Plus

A normalized version of ERA that adjusts for park factors, with 100 always being the league average. Higher values are better.

**ER:** Earned Runs

The number of runs scored against the pitcher that are not the result of errors or passed balls.

**FIP: **Fielding Independent Pitching

A measure of a pitcher’s effectiveness based on strikeouts, walks, and home runs, independent of defensive performance, calculated as ((HR x 13) + (3 * (BB + HBP)) – (2 * K)) / IP + FIP constant.

**FIP-: **Fielding Independent Pitching Minus

A normalized version of FIP that adjusts for park factors, with 100 always being the league average. Lower values are better.

**G: **Games Played

The number of games in which a pitcher appears.

**HLD:** Holds

The number of games a relief pitcher enters in a save situation, maintains the lead, but does not finish.

**HR:** Home Runs

The number of home runs a pitcher allows.

**HR%:** Home Run Rate

The percentage of batters faced by a pitcher that results in home runs.

**H:** Hits

The number of hits a pitcher allows.

**HB: **Hit By Pitches

The number of batters a pitcher hits with a pitch.

**IP: **Innings Pitched

The total number of innings a pitcher completes, recorded in one-third increments.

**IBB:** Intentional Walks

The number of walks a pitcher intentionally issues.

**K%: **Strikeout Rate

The percentage of batters faced by a pitcher that result in strikeouts.

**K-BB%: **Strikeout Rate minus Walk Rate

The difference between a pitcher’s strikeout rate and walk rate.

**kwERA:** Strikeout-Walk based Earned Run Average

An estimate of a pitcher’s ERA based on strikeout and walk rates, calculated as 4.80 – 10 * (SO-BB) / BF. While this may seem oversimplistic, K-BB% is one of the best indicators of future performance.

**kwERA-:** Strikeout-Walk based Earned Run Average Minus

A normalized version of kwERA with 100 always being the league average. Lower values are better.

**L: **Losses

The number of games a pitcher is credited with a losing decision.

**Qualifier:** Qualified Pitcher

A pitcher is qualified for titles with 1.0 IP per team game played (NPB) or 0.8 IP per team game played (Farm).

**R:** Runs

The total number of runs a pitcher allows.

**SV: **Saves

The number of games a pitcher finishes while preserving a lead of three runs or fewer.

**SHO: **Shutouts

The number of complete games a pitcher finishes without allowing any runs.

**SO: **Strikeouts

The number of batters a pitcher retires on strikes.

**WHIP: **Walks plus Hits per Inning Pitched

The average number of walks and hits allowed by a pitcher per inning.

**WP:** Wild Pitches

The number of pitches a pitcher throws that are too wild for the catcher to handle, allowing baserunners to advance.

**W: **Wins

The number of games a pitcher is credited with a winning decision.

*Standings*

**B:** Orix Buffaloes

**C:** Hiroshima Carp

**D**: Chunichi Dragons

**Diff: **Run Differential

**DB:** DeNA BayStars

**E:** Rakuten Eagles

**F:** Nipponham Fighters

**G:** Yomiuri Giants

**H:** SoftBank Hawks

**Inter:** Interleague

**L:** Seibu Lions

**M:** Lotte Marines

**RA: **Runs Against

**RS: **Runs Scored

**S:** Yakult Swallows

**T: **Hanshin Tigers

**XPCT:** Expected Win Percentage

The Pythagorean expectation of a team’s winning percentage, calculated as (Runs Scored)^1.83/(Runs Scored)^1.83 + (Runs Allowed)^1.83.